Questo post è disponibile anche in: Inglese

Reading Time: 6 minutes

VMware ha rilasciato una nuova versione di NSX-v, la versione di NSX per ambienti vSphere. Benché NSX 6.4 sia solo una minor release, la lista delle novità è decisamente significativa.

Tra le novità più interessanti, c’è finalmente il supporto per il client in HTML5 (un altro piccolo passo verso la sua completa adozione) e funzionalità di firewall (distribuito) anche a livello 7.

Purtroppo mancano ancora le funzionalità di load balacing di tipo distribuito (sarebbe un interessante valore aggiunto) e una chiara indicazione su quale versione tra NSX-v e NSX-t potranno rappresentare il futuro di NSX. Personalmente mi piacerebbe vedere una sola versione di NSX in grado di gestire ambienti eterogenei dalla stessa interaccia e aver vincolato la GUI di NSX-v a vCenter limita fortemente questa possibilità.

Questo l’elenco delle novità, come riportato dalle release notes:

Security Services:

  • Identity Firewall: Identity Firewall (IDFW) now supports user sessions on remote desktop and application servers (RDSH) sharing a single IP address, new “fast-path” architecture improves processing speed of IDFW rules. Active Directory integration now allows selective synchronization for faster AD updates.
  • Distributed Firewall: Distributed Firewall (DFW) adds layer-7 application-based context for flow control and micro-segmentation planning. Application Rule Manager (ARM) now recommends security groups and policies for a cohesive and manageable micro-segmentation strategy.
  • Distributed Firewall rules can now be created as stateless rules at a per DFW section level.
  • Distributed Firewall supports VM IP realization in the hypervisor. This allows users to verify if a particular VM IP is part of a securitygroup/cluster/resourcepool/host which is used in the source, destination, or appliedTo fields of a DFW rule.
  • IP address discovery mechanisms for VMs: Authoritative enforcement of security policies based on VM names, or other vCenter-based attributes requires that NSX know the IP address of the VM. NSX 6.2 introduced the option to discover the VM’s IP address using DHCP snooping, or ARP snooping. In NSX 6.4.0, the number of ARP discovered IPs have been increased up to 128 and are configurable from 1 to 128.  These new discovery mechanisms enable NSX to enforce IP address-based security rules on VMs that do not have VMware Tools installed.
  • Guest Introspection:  For vCenter 6.5 and later, Guest Introspection (GI) VM’s are named Guest Introspection (XX.XX.XX.XX), where XX.XX.XX.XX is the IPv4 address of the host on which the GI machine resides. This occurs during the initial deployment of GI.

NSX User Interface:

  • Support for vSphere Client (HTML5): Introduces VMware NSX UI Plug-in for vSphere Client (HTML5). For a list of supported functionality, please see VMware NSX for vSphere UI Plug-in Functionality in vSphere Client.
  • HTML5 Compatibility with vSphere Web Client (Flash): NSX functionality developed in HTML5 (for example, Dashboard) remains compatible with both vSphere Client and vSphere Web Client, offering seamless experience for users who are unable to transition immediately to vSphere Client.
  • Improved Navigation Menu: Reduced number of clicks to access key functionality, such as Grouping Objects, Tags, Exclusion List and System Configuration.

Operations and Troubleshooting:

  • Upgrade Coordinator provides a single portal to simplify the planning and execution of an NSX upgrade.  Upgrade Coordinator provides a complete system view of all NSX components with current and target versions, upgrade progress meters, one-click or custom upgrade plans and pre- and post-checks.
  • A new improved HTML5 dashboard is available along with many new components. Dashboard is now your default homepage.  You can also customize existing system-defined widgets, and can create your own custom widgets through API.
  • New System Scale dashboard collects information about the current system scale and displays the configuration maximums for the supported scale parameters.  Warnings and alerts can also be configured when limits are approached or exceeded.
  • Guest introspection reliability and troubleshooting enhancements.  Features such as EAM status notification, upgrade progress, custom names for SVMs, additional memory and more improve the reliability and troubleshooting of GI deployments.
  • A Central CLI for logical switch, logical router and edge distributed firewall reduces troubleshooting time with centralized access to distributed network functions.
  • New Support Bundle tab is available to help you collect the support bundle through UI on a single click. You can now collect the support bundle data for NSX components like NSX Manager, hosts, edges, and controllers. You can either download this aggregate support bundle, or can directly upload the bundle to a remote server. You can view the overall status of data collection and status for each component.
  • New Packet Capture tab is available to capture packets through UI. If there is a host which is not in a healthy state, you can get the packet dump for that host, and administrator can examine the packet information for further debugging.
  • You can now enable Controller Disconnected Operation (CDO) mode from the Management tab on the secondary site to avoid temporary connectivity issues. CDO mode ensures that the data plane connectivity is unaffected in a multi-site environment, when the primary site lose connectivity.
  • Multi-syslog support for up to 5 syslog servers.
  • API improvements including JSON support.  NSX now offers the choice or JSON or XML for data formats.  XML remains the default for backwards compatibility.
  • Some of the NSX Edge system event messages now include Edge ID and/or VM ID parameters. For example, event code 30100, 30014, 30031.
    These message parameters will not be available for older system events. In such cases, the event message will display {0} or {1} for the Edge Id and/or VM Id parameters.

NSX Edge Enhancements:

  • Enhancement to Edge load balancer health check. Three new health check monitors have been added: DNS, LDAP, and SQL.
  • You can now filter routes for redistribution based on LE/GE in prefix length in the destination IP.
  • Support for BGP and static routing over GRE tunnels.
  • NAT64 provides IPv6 to IPv4 translation.
  • Faster failover of edge routing services.
  • Routing events now generate system events in NSX Manager.
  • Improvements to L3 VPN performance and resiliency.

Notare che vSphere 5.5 non è più supportato da NSX 6.4.0. Le uniche versione supportate sono:

  • For vSphere 6.0: Supported: 6.0 Update 2, 6.0 Update 3
    Recommended: 6.0 Update 3. vSphere 6.0 Update 3 resolves the issue of duplicate VTEPs in ESXi hosts after rebooting vCenter server. SeeVMware Knowledge Base article 2144605 for more information.
  • For vSphere 6.5: Supported: 6.5a, 6.5 Update 1
    Recommended: 6.5 Update 1. vSphere 6.5 Update 1 resolves the issue of EAM failing with OutOfMemory. See VMware Knowledge Base Article 2135378 for more information.
Andrea MauroAbout Andrea Mauro (2918 Posts)

Virtualization, Cloud and Storage Architect. Tech Field delegate. VMUG IT Co-Founder and board member. VMware VMTN Moderator and vExpert 2010-18. Dell TechCenter Rockstar 2014-15. Microsoft MVP 2014-16. Veeam Vanguard 2015-18. Nutanix NTC 2014-18. PernixPro 2014-16. Several certifications including: VCDX-DCV, VCP-DCV/DT/Cloud, VCAP-DCA/DCD/CIA/CID/DTA/DTD, MCSA, MCSE, MCITP, CCA, NPP.


Share