Meltdown and Spectre are critical vulnerabilities existing in several modern CPU: these hardware bugs allow programs to steal data which is currently processed on the computer. Meltdown and Spectre can affect personal computers, mobile devices, server and several cloud services. There isn’t a single simple way to minimize those security risks, because you need to patch different levels of your stack. For a VMware environment, there are some tools to check your status (and also to help you to apply the right patches).