Reading Time: 6 minutes The mitigations for Meltdown and Spectre issues have involved a combination of different type of fixes: some software based, such as Microsoft and Linux versions of the “kernel page table isolation” protection, but also fome hardware based, like the Intel’s microcode updates (part that is still missing in most cases). Both type of patches can cause performance overheads and have some kind of impact on your environment. But how can you estimate it (before apply the patches) and how can you measure it (when the patches have been applied)?